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Seznam děl umělce Beardsley Aubrey

*21. nebo 24.8.1872 -16.3.1898, anglický grafik ovlivněný prerafaelity a japonským dřevořezem; svým stylem výrazně ovlivnil vývoj secesní kresby a knižní ilustrace (ilustrace k dílům O. Wildea, A. Poea). Zemřel v pětadvaceti letech. Anglický grafik. 188

*21. nebo 24.8.1872 -16.3.1898, anglický grafik ovlivněný prerafaelity a japonským dřevořezem; svým stylem výrazně ovlivnil vývoj secesní kresby a knižní ilustrace (ilustrace k dílům O. Wildea, A. Poea). Zemřel v pětadvaceti letech.
Anglický grafik. 1889 se stal úředníkem pojišťovny v Londýně, kde s E. C. Burne-Jonesem navštěvoval několik měsíců večerní kurs aktu na Westminster Art School. 1893-94 provedl ke knize Mort d'Arthur 20 ilustrací a přes 500 různých vinět a knižních značek ve stylu pre-raffaelistů. Jeho první ilustrace měly velký úspěch a Beardsley dostal nabídky na grafickou úpravu časopisů (The Yellow Book, 1894, The Savoy, 1896). Kreslil karikatury, navrhoval exlibris, obálky a titulní listy a plakáty a hlavně kreslil ilustrace pro knihy: O. Wilde "Salome"; 1894, Dowson "Pierot of the Lock", 1896; R. Wagner "Rheingold", 1896; Gatuier "Mademoiselle de Maupin", 1897; B. Jonson "Volpone", 1897. Rok před smrtí přestoupil ke katolictví. Zemřel na tuberkulózu v jižní Francii, kde trávil poslední zimu.
Beardsleyovy rané práce (1893-94) ukazují vliv Burne-Jonese, W. Morrise, P. C. Puvise de Chavannes a J. Whistlera. Střední období (1894-95) vyznačuje tendence k satiře a působení japonského dřevorytu a antického vázového malířství; v posledním období (1896-98) se inspiroval francouzským rokokem 18. st. Ačkoli zemřel v pětadvaceti letech, patří Beardsley k nejvýznamnějším představitelům evropské secese; pro kresby si se zálibou vybíral morbidní a erotické náměty; obvykle používal pera a inkoustu a kreslil přímo na papír bez přípravných studií. Na jeho jediné olejomalbě mu pomáhal W. Sickert.
Vyňato z Encyklopedie světového malířství - Autorský kolektiv pod vedením PhDr. Sávy Šabouka DrSc.; nakl. Academia ČSAV 1975.
In: http://www.artchiv.cz/show.php3?action=explore_bio&id=106&session=04nd10r10y07h53t2006

Beardsley, Aubrey (Vincent)
(b Brighton, 21 Aug 1872; d Menton, 16 March 1898). English draughtsman and writer. He was brought up in Brighton, in genteel poverty, by his mother. She gave her children an intensive education in music and books, and by the time he was sent to boarding-school at the age of seven Beardsley was exceptionally literate and something of a musical prodigy. He was also already infected with the tuberculosis that eventually killed him. There is evidence that his talent for drawing was highly developed by the age of ten, and he was subsequently encouraged by his housemaster at Brighton Grammar School, Arthur William King. Beardsley left school at the end of 1888, and in January 1889 became a clerk at the Guardian Life and Fire Insurance Company in the City of London. Attacks of haemorrhaging of the lungs forced him to abandon his job at the end of 1889. On the strength of a short story sold to Tit Bits he tried to pursue a literary career, but when his health improved in the spring of 1890, he returned both to his job and to drawing. Final affirmation of the direction of his art came in July 1891, when he showed his work to Edward Burne-Jones, who told Beardsley: ‘I seldom or never advise anyone to take up art as a profession, but in your case I can do nothing else.’ Burne-Jones’s enthusiasm is not perhaps surprising since there was much of his own style in Beardsley’s work at the time, together with other influences, notably Mantegna; both can be seen in his pen-and-ink drawing Hamlet patris manem sequiiur [sic] (‘Hamlet following the ghost of his father’; 1891; London, BM).
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Beardsley, Aubrey Vincent (1872-1898), English artist, whose sensitive, highly imaginative style and hedonistic, occasionally macabre subject matter place him within the European fin-de-sičcle artistic movement. In his short life (his productive career spanned only six years), Beardsley achieved a reputation as one of England's most innovative illustrators.
Beardsley, born in Brighton, briefly attended Westminster School of Art in London. Other than this short period of formal training, he was self-taught. By the age of 20 he was receiving commissions. Characteristic of his work are large areas of black and white, hard, curving lines, rich ornamentation, and a disregard of conventional perspective and proportion. Recognizable influences include the great Japanese printmakers and the Pre-Raphaelite painters. The fantastic and occasionally erotic nature of his illustrations aroused great controversy.
Beardsley was art editor of the celebrated periodical The Yellow Book (1894-1895) and of The Savoy (1896), both of which featured his work. He illustrated Le Morte d'Arthur (1893-1894) by Sir Thomas Malory, Salomé (1894) by Oscar Wilde, The Works of Edgar Allan Poe (1894-1895), Lysistrata (1896) by Aristophanes, and Volpone (1898) by Ben Jonson. He also designed posters and wrote fiction and poetry, which was collected and published posthumously as Under the Hill (1904). A lifelong victim of tuberculosis, he died in Menton, France, at the age of 25. His distinctive style remained a powerful influence on graphic design in Europe and the United States.
In: MS Encarta

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