Christie's art auction of Picasso and Giacometti could set world records

05/12/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, aukce, ArtBohemia


Picasso painting could sell for $140m, which would make it the most expensive artwork at auction, as wealthy collectors are willing to pay top dollar for fine art

picasso christie's women of algiers

With collectors’ appetite for masterpieces of impressionist, modern and contemporary art seemingly unbounded, two works are poised to challenge world auction records on Monday.

Pablo Picasso’s Women of Algiers (Version O), a vibrant, multi-hued painting featuring a scantily attired female amid smaller nudes, could sell for more than $140m, becoming the most expensive work of art at auction, according to Christie’s. The evening sale also features Alberto Giacometti’s life-size sculpture Pointing Man for an estimated $130m. That could earn it the title of most expensive sculpture sold at auction.

Padl auk?ní rekord, Picassovy ženy se vydražily za 4,4 miliardy korun

12. 05. 15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Kategorie: ze sv?ta, aukce, ArtBohemia


Obraz Pabla Picassa Al?írské ?eny se stal v?bec nejdra??ím v?tvarn?m dílem prodan?m v aukci.?| foto:?AP

Auk?ní rekord padl b?hem stejné dra?by rovn?? mezi sochami, kdy? se dílo ?v?cara Alberta Giacomettiho prodalo za 141,3 milionu dolar?.

Odhadní cena Picassovy kubistické olejomalby z roku 1955 p?itom ?inila 140 milion?, dramatick? souboj n?kolika zájemc? dra?ících po telefonu v?ak takzvanou kladívkovou cenu p?i posladním odklepnutí vyhnal a? ke 160 milion?m, co? po p?i?tení více ne? dvanáctiprocentní provize auk?ní sín? dává zmín?nou rekordní sumu.

Obraz Pabla Picassa Buste de Femme (femme a la resille) b?hem aukce Christie's.

Picasso v letech 1954 a? 1955 vytvo?il celkem 15 variací inspirovan?ch obrazem Eugena Delacroixe z roku 1834 a ozna?il je písmeny A a? O. Verze prodaná v pond?lí v?New Yorkunese ozna?ení O, a je tedy vyvrcholením celého cyklu. V pop?edí obrazu namalovaného v jásav?chbarvách stojí postava polonahé ?eny, pro ni? Picassovi stála modelem jeho múza a pozd?j?í man?elka Jacqueline Roqueová.

Podle zástupc? Christie?s jde patrn? o nejd?le?it?j?í Picass?v obraz z t?ch, které jsou v soukrom?ch rukou. Prodávající získal plátno v roce 1997 za 31,9 milionu dolar?, uvedla auk?ní sí?. Dosud nejdra??ím vydra?en?m Picassov?m dílem byla malba Nahá v socha?ském ateliéru, která se v roce 2010 prodala za 106,5 milionu dolar?.

V?bec nejdra??í vydra?enou sochou se na pond?lní newyorské aukci stala metr a p?l vysoká bronzová plastika Ukazující mu?, kterou jeden z nejslavn?j?ích socha?? 20. století p?ekonal p?edchozí rekord jiného vlastního díla. Socha Jdoucí mu? I, která se prodala v roce 2010 za 104,3 milionu dolar?, je po pond?lku ?a?“ druh?m nejv??e vydra?en?m socha?sk?m dílem historie.

Celkov? se na pod?lní dra?b? prodaly p?es t?i desítky d?l um?ní nedávné historie za celkovou cenu 706 milion? dolar?. Vysoké ceny jsou podle expert? ur?eny poptávkou po v?jime?n?ch dílech mezi sb?rateli i zájmem o v?nosnéinvestice do um?ní.



Obraz Pabla Picassa Al?írské ?eny se stal v?bec nejdra??ím v?tvarn?m dílem prodan?m v aukci. V newyorské auk?ní síni Christie?s se jedna z verzí tohoto proslulého plátna vydra?ila za 179,4 milionu dolar? (4,4 miliardy korun). Dosud nejdra??ím vydra?en?m dílem byl obraz Francise Bacona T?i studie Luciana Freuda, kter? se v roce 2013 prodal za 142 milion? dolar?.


Is Christie's Abandoning the Impressionism and Modern Art Market?

05/05/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, aukce, ArtBohemia


Is Christie's Abandoning the Impressionism and Modern Art Market?

Brian Boucher,?Monday, May 4, 2015


Pablo Picasso Femmes d'Alger (1955) will be offered at Christie's on May 11 with an estimate of $140 million.

Pablo Picasso Femmes d'Alger (1955) will be offered at Christie's on May 11 with an estimate of $140 million.

When Christie's puts?Pablo Picasso's storied 1955 painting?Les Femmes d'Alger (Version “O") on the auction block with an estimate of $140 million next week, it may make history in more ways than one.

With that canvas, the auction house aims to set an auction record not only for the artist (Picasso's high stands at $106.5 million, set at Christie's in May 2010 with the painting?Nude, Green Leaves and Bust), but also for any work of art at auction. That high water mark stands at $142 million for a triptych,?Three Studies of?Lucian Freud, by?Francis Bacon, sold at Christie's in 2013.

"It's one of the great Picassos, period," Derek Gillman, the new chairman of Christie's Impressionist and modern art department, toldABC Australia, “and it's one of the last great Picassos that has been in private hands."

But while Picasso is a modern icon, this masterpiece is being offered not in the May 13 Impressionist and modern art evening sale, but rather on May 11, as part of a "curated" event the house is calling “Looking Forward to the Past." Titled like a James Bond film, the sale will offer “a distinct and dynamic perspective on some of the greatest and most revolutionary artists of the 20th century," Christie's touts on its website?purportedly by showing how the artists looked to art history for inspiration.

The sale will also include a sculpture by?Alberto Giacometti tagged in the highly elevated region of $130 million, which could set a record for a sculpture at auction (see?$140 Million Picasso at Christie's Is World's Most Expensive Painting at Auction and?Giacometti Bronze Set to Become the World's Most Expensive Sculpture at Christie's May Auction).

Getting the works for the auction has been a team effort, according to the house, but it's billed as being conceptualized by postwar and contemporary art specialist Loic Gouzer, who has fronted headline-grabbing sales before, notably a May 2014 sale that set a dozen artist records (see?Christie's New Contemporary Sale a $135 Million Thumping Success). That blockbuster followed?a 2013 sale he organized with Leonardo DiCaprio that benefited the movie star's foundation, which aims to support efforts of environmental preservation. That sale set 13 artist records.

After all the very best modern works have been sold off and the buzz from the 20th-century auction dies down, the Impressionist and modern art sale will quietly kick off. The sale's low total?it's expected to bring in just $160 million?raises the question, is that sale getting phased out? And if so, what will move into its place?

The house has been making other surprising moves lately. For one, it recently shook up its calendar. While the houses have for many years held their Impressionist and modern sales in the first week of May, Christie's moved this month's sale to the following Thursday, without so much as announcing this seismic shift with a press release (see?Why Is Christie's Shaking Up Its Spring Auction Schedule?).

Derek Gillman. Photo: Philly Record.

Derek Gillman. Photo: Philly Record.


Enter Former Barnes Head Derek Gillman

If changes are afoot, maybe we can find a clue as to what's going on in the house's most recent hire for the struggling department.

The auctioneer is of course always in competition for the best consignments and personnel with arch-rival Sotheby's, and while Christie's has notched ever-larger sales of postwar and contemporary art (see?Epic Christie's $852.9 Million Blockbuster Contemporary Art Sale Is the Highest Ever), it has lagged in the Impressionist and modern department.

Hoping to turn things around, the auctioneer's headhunters turned up Gillman, who had left the Barnes Foundation in January 2014 after the institution's contested move from the suburbs into Philadelphia proper (see?Christie's Appoints New Impressionist and Modern Art Chairman for the Americas).

To review: the Barnes move went against the founder's wishes, spurred legal challenges, and was the subject of the contentious 2009 documentary?The Art of the Steal.?Time magazine's Richard Lacayo branded the move “death by disembowelment," and the?New York Times' Nicolai Ouroussoff dubbed the move “a crime."

The foundation's unparalleled collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, and modern paintings, along with extensive holdings of decorative arts, is now on view in a new $150-million building and it precisely mimics the setup of the old galleries. Museum officials boast a fivefold increase in annual attendance since the move. At the time of Gillman's resignation, the museum proclaimed that he had increased its endowment by $50 million, but it hasn't answered emailed requests and phone calls asking for the before-and-after figures that would shed light on how major that increase was.

Gillman isn't the first museum director to make the leap to an auction house. Lisa Dennison has served since 2007 in the postwar and contemporary art department at Sotheby's New York, since leaving the Guggenheim after two years as the director and a whopping three decades in the museum's curatorial department.

But in conversations with artnet News, several top New York art advisers and dealers, speaking off the record, scratched their heads at Gillman's appointment. Two of them pointed out that Dennison's Guggenheim tenure involved courting lenders and donors, which is not something that would have been required in the case of running the Barnes.

The auction house declined to make Gillman available for an interview or to answer questions by email for this article.

At least one New York dealer and auction house veteran, though, is sanguine about Gillman.

“Derek is a great hire," Daniella Luxembourg told artnet News by phone. Luxembourg herself worked for Sotheby's for years before starting a partnership with auctioneer Simon de Pury (now an artnet News columnist) which was then bought by luxury goods magnate Bernard Arnault and merged with auction house Phillips.

“Auction houses have a long and successful history with academics and curators," she said, citing examples such as Charles Moffett, who left Sotheby's in November after sixteen years and was previously a curator at institutions such as the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York.

“Derek has a broad base of knowledge,"?she added, "and knowledge is the biggest asset in that game."

Todd Levin, director of New York's Levin Art Group, cautions against judging Gillman too soon.

“With a slightly unexpected choice like Gillman, Christie's picked someone who won't be immediately judged based on his brand," Levin said. “Sotheby's made a similar choice with its new CEO, Tad Smith. It gives them a little breathing room."

A Résumé Mostly in Museums

As it happens, Gillman got his start at Christie's. In 1977, he kicked off a four-year stint in the Chinese art department at the auction house's London branch. But his experience since then has been with nonprofits. After Christie's, he headed to the British Museum as a research assistant on Chinese art.

From 1985-95, he directed the Sainsbury Centre at the University of East Anglia, whose collections span from Oceanic, African, and Asian art to Picasso, Giacometti, and Modigliani. He also earned a law degree during that time. He then jetted to Australia for a four-year term as deputy director of the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

From 1999 to 2006, he was executive director and provost, then president and CEO, of the?Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts,?the Philadelphia museum and art school. Asked about his achievements there, a press rep cited overseeing the school's anniversary and converting a formerly industrial building into additional gallery and classroom space.

Upheaval at Both Houses

Gillman's duties will encompass enticing collectors to choose Christie's over Sotheby's when they decide to part with their Picassos, Monets, and Renoirs. He'll also cultivate new clients in both the U.S. and China, where perhaps his academic specialty in Chinese art will come in handy. Gillman was traveling in London and Shanghai in the weeks leading up to the May sales.

He'll report to Marc Porter, chairman of Christie's Americas since 2010, while Giovanna Bertazzoni, international head of Impressionist and modern art, and Brooke Lampley, international director and head of development, run the department.

Gillman's appointment comes amid turmoil at both houses after the November auctions, with longtime CEO Bill Ruprecht forced out at Sotheby's, quickly followed by the outing of Christie's head Steven Murphy (see?Say Goodbye to the Rug Guy, Sotheby's CEO William Ruprecht Pushed Out and?Why Was Christie's CEO Steven Murphy Fired?).

Former Madison Square Garden CEO Tad Smith got the nod at Sotheby's (see?Will Sotheby's Again Fall Victim to Corporate Hubris With Dan Loeb, Tad Smith Takeover?), while Patricia Barbizet, a longtime employee of Christie's owner Fran?ois Pinault, is running the show at Rockefeller Center, in an appointment that insiders speculate may be temporary.

Having created a position for the newcomer, the auctioneer has to be hoping for good things from Gillman and his colleagues, especially when reviewing the numbers on recent sales.

Since May 2011, only one of its eight New York Impressionist and modern art auctions (the November 2014 sale) has edged past its pre-sale high estimate; four fell short of the house's lowest expectation, while three came within the estimated range. Its archrival, Sotheby's, has bested it seven out of those eight times, four of those times doubling Christie's total.

When presented with these realities, the house defended its record, pointing out that its 2014 total in Impressionism and modern art was higher than the year before and that the percentage of lots that found buyers at these sales “outpaced our competitor."

To be fair, better “sell-through rates," as the houses call them, reflect more tightly edited sales, which is useful in a landscape where, season after season, bidders say that there's a dearth of great material on offer.

Is the Impressionist and Modern Sale Getting Phased Out?

Christie's is promoting its May 11 sale, with the Picasso and the Giacometti, as spanning “from Monet to Kippenberger." The house seems to want to shake up the long-held categories (Impressionists and modern artists together, postwar and contemporary in their own sale) that have pertained for years. In the process, though, will it undermine its own Impressionist and modern department by siphoning off the top consignments? What's more, moving the sale to the end of auction season may put it at a further disadvantage, as potential buyers could find themselves tapped out.

It's ironic; Gillman moved the Barnes' Impressionist and modern masterpieces from the suburbs to Philadelphia. Is the house moving its best offerings from those historical periods to a new venue, too, and just as Gillman arrives?

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Cheat Sheet: Top Collectors, Jeffrey Deitch, and Peggy Guggenheim's Art and Sex-Fueled Life

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, osudy


Cheat Sheet: Top Collectors, Jeffrey Deitch, and Peggy Guggenheim's Art and Sex-Fueled Life

Christie Chu,?Saturday, May 2, 2015


Peggy Guggenheim for Look (1966). Photo: by Tony Vaccaro.

Peggy Guggenheim for?Look (1966).?
Photo: by Tony Vaccaro.

This week artnet News released our list of the top 200 international collectors which include a generation of tycoons, celebrities, and philanthropists that range from heirs to Middle Eastern fortunes to young tech entrepreneurs. Curious to know who made the list? See?artnet News Top 200 Art Collectors Worldwide for 2015, Part Oneand?artnet News Top 200 Art Collectors Worldwide for 2015, Part Two.

Curator and former head of the List Visual Arts Center at MIT Jane Farver passed away in Venice on the eve of the Biennale. Farver was working with artist Joan Jonas on her exhibition for the US pavilion. The cause of her death has not been officially announced, but sources indicate that the curator died from a heart attack. To read words of remembrance of Farver from former colleagues, see?Jane Farver, Former MIT List Head and Queens Museum Curator, Has Died in Venice.

Dealer and curator Jeffrey Deitch will be co-curating a street art show on Coney Island this summer?with Joseph Sitt, the head of real estate developing company Thor Equities. Since returning to New York from Los Angeles after a thorny tenure at LA MOCA, he's been engaged in a variety of curatorial projects (see?Jeffrey Deitch and Mana Contemporary Celebrate Armitage Dance and Art). This one, sees him partnering with what a Huffington post blogger once called "Satan's real estate division." See?Jeffrey Deitch Has Sunk So Low He's Curating for Property Developers on Coney Island.

In our preview of a documentary by director Lisa Immordino-Vreeland about the infamous Peggy Guggenheim, whose uncle Solomon founded the namesake museum, we discover a world of art, glamour, and lots of sex (she was a self-proclaimed "nymphomaniac"). The heiress-turned-art-dealer rubbed shoulders with everyone from Picasso and Gertrude Stein to?Wassily Kandinsky (whom she gave his first UK solo show) andJackson Pollock. Read more steamy details here:?Peggy Guggenheim Documentary by Lisa Immordino-Vreeland Reveals Life of Nonstop Art and Sex.

No bad deed goes unpunished in this assistant's tale of thievery. James Meyer, the former assistant to American artist,?Jasper Johns, was sentenced to 18 months prison following his admission to stealing works from the artist's Connecticut studio and selling them through New York galleries. Meyer, who worked with Johns for 25 years, stole $6.5 million worth of work over a six-year period. See?Jasper Johns's Former Assistant Sentenced to 18 Months In Prison for Stealing Paintings.


Only 10% Of Museumgoers Can Tell The Difference Between a Masterpiece and a Fake — Really, That Many?

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, originály vers.falza


Only 10% Of Museumgoers Can Tell The Difference Between a Masterpiece and a Fake ? Really, That Many?

Cait Munro,?Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Can you spot the fake? Photo: Dulwich Picture Gallery/BBC

Can you spot the fake?
Photo: Dulwich Picture Gallery/BBC

Only 10% of museumgoers passed a cheeky test proposed at London's Dulwich Picture Gallery, where conceptual artist?Doug Fishbonechallenged them to distinguish a fake from a masterwork (see?Doug Fishbone's Mini Golf for Venice Biennale).

In February, Fishbone replaced Rococo French master?Jean Honoré Fragonard's Young Woman with a canvas produced in China and worth about $120?(see?Artist Hides Forgery in Major London Museum).

As part of Fishbone's project, "Made in China," the public was asked whether they?could identify the counterfeit amidst the collection of about 270 Old Master paintings, which includes works by artists like?Rubens, Titian, and Gainsborough. Out of 3,000 participants, only 10% got it right.

"This is a quiet project, but it raises all sorts of broader questions: how do we interact with culture in our institutions; what does the exhibition context bestow on an object?" Fishbone told artnet News at the outset of the experiment?(see?Artist Hides Forgery in Major London Museum). Fishbone, an American-born, London-based artist, has previously had solo shows at the Tate, Rokeby Gallery, and Gimpel Fils (all in London). He is best known for his 2010 film?Elmina, which premiered at the Tate and was?nominated for an African Movie Academy Award in Nigeria.

"I'm hoping that it will encourage people to look with much greater focus and with a heightened sense of awareness at the actual artworks," he added. "When you walk into a collection with a large amount of paintings, it's very easy to gloss over everything quickly and to take it all in as a kind of vista."

Hoping to explore the power of context in an age of accelerated globalization, Fishbone commissioned the knockoff?painting from the?Meishing Oil Painting Manufacture Company, one of China's numerous exporters of oil paintings that quickly produce copies of masterworks by Picasso, Matisse, and van Gogh.

It's worth noting that, legally speaking, the works are not considered fakes, as the studio is careful to change the size of the canvases slightly from the originals.

According to chief curator Xavier Bray, Fishbone succeeded in his goal of getting people to pay closer attention. "Never before have I seen so many people actively looking at each painting," he told the?BBC.

The Fragonard?was returned to its customary place today. Its replica will hang alongside it until July 26.

Follow?artnet News on Facebook and?@caitmunro on Twitter.

Italians Sell Off Rialto Bridge Advertising Space During Venice Biennale For €5 Million

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, osudy


Italians Sell Off Rialto Bridge Advertising Space During Venice Biennale For ?5 Million

Lorena Mu?oz-Alonso,?Wednesday, April 29, 2015


The Rialto Bridge in VenicePhoto via: Flickr

The Rialto Bridge is the oldest bridge in the Grand Canal in Venice.
Photo via: Flickr

Works to restore the famous Rialto Bridge, built?in 1588, have begun in?Venice, just?days before the crowds attending the 56th Venice Biennale begin to arrive,?El País reports (The 2015 Venice Biennale List of Artists Is Out?See Our Exclusive).

The Renaissance bridge?the oldest in Venice's Grand Canal?is undergoing a complex restoration?that is expected to take 18 months to complete and will entail the partial closing of its stairs.

The refurbishment of the?Rialto Bridge is being funded by fashion tycoon Renzo Rosso, president of OTB Group, which owns the brands Maison Margiela, Marni, and Diesel among many others.

Rosso has pledged ?5 million to the Rialto project,?on?condition that the scaffolding covering the bridge will be?installed by May 1 and display billboards promoting OTB Group brands. With the Venice Biennale preview kicking off on May 6, it's hard to think of a better advertising spot (see?Venice Biennale Curator Okwui Enwezor on "All the World's Futures," Karl Marx, and The Havana Biennial Boycott).

In cash-strapped Italy, coming up with the resources to fund major renovations hasn't been easy. In the last year, a number of private donors have stepped in to provide the funds?needed to preserve Italy's heritage (see?Luxury Brands Fund Restoration of Italy's Monuments,Uffizi to Reopen Eight Renaissance Rooms After Ferragamo Gift andBulgari Will Foot the Bill for the Renovation of Rome's Spanish Steps).

The bridge is mostly made of Istrian stone, a durable type of limestone quarried locally. “Istrian stone is a solid material, but delicate at the same time, because when water permeates it, it runs the risk of breaking," Elizabetta Ghittino, one of the restorers in the team, told?El País.

The alarming condition of the bridge became clear in the summer of 2011, when the 140 small columns that support the banister collapsed.

In 2013, the city council commissioned a report, which revealed that?while the bridge?is not at?risk of collapsing?the area around?the adjacent Camerlenghi Palace has sunk 25 centimeters since it was first built.

Follow artnet News on Facebook?and?@selfselector (Lorena Mu?oz-Alonso) on Twitter.

Larry Gagosian Has $925 Million Worldwide Revenue And Plans New Los Angeles Gallery

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, osudy, ArtBohemia


Larry Gagosian Has $925 Million Worldwide Revenue And Plans New Los Angeles Gallery

Eileen Kinsella,?Monday, April 27, 2015


Gagosian Gallery Opening Reception for "Takashi Murakami: In The Land of the Dead, Stepping on the Tail of a Rainbow"

Gagosian Gallery Opening Reception for "Takashi Murakami: In The Land of the Dead, Stepping on the Tail of a Rainbow."?
Photo: courtesy Patrick McMullan.


Power dealer Larry Gagosian?who already has 14 galleries around the world with an estimated $925 million in revenue?has reportedly been scouting around Los Angeles for additional space in West Hollywood to add to his already mammoth space on Camden Drive in Beverly Hills (seeGallerists Bet Big On Los Angeles' East Side and?Gavlak Gallery to Open Los Angeles Outpost).

Details are sparse beyond a report in the?Hollywood Reporter, which says that Gagosian "has been on the hunt for another space in the West Hollywood area and has taken meetings at various buildings," as per a "well-placed source" who was involved in the search.

Gagosian Gallery's stable of artists reads like a who's who of art world stars, including?Takashi Murakami,?Richard Prince,?Jeff Koons, and?Ed Ruscha to name just a few.

Notwithstanding that Gagosian already has a well-established spot in Beverly Hills, it makes sense that he would want to put down more roots in Hollywood, where the gallery scene, especially that of younger galleries showing cutting edge artists, is a fast growing one. In addition to major names like?Regen Projects on Santa Monica Boulevard, with? Hannah Hoffman, and Gavlak right around the corner on North Highland Avenue, Gusford Gallery is a quick drive away down Melrose (see?Driving the LA Gallery Scene and?Sprüth Magers Will Open on Los Angeles' Miracle Mile).

As artnet News reported last year, galleries have also been on the move to the unorthodox eastern zones of East Hollywood and Downtown, a possible sign that the LA art scene is maturing (see?Maccarone Gallery to Open Los Angeles Outpost and?Is Tanya Bonakdar expanding to LA?).

Follow?artnet News on Facebook and?@KinsellaEK on Twitter.

10 Fun Facts About the Whitney Museum

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, osudy, ArtBohemia


10 Fun Facts About the Whitney Museum

Cait Munro,?Saturday, April 18, 2015


The Whitney's original location at 945 Madison Avenue. Photo: NY-Architecture.

The Whitney's original location at 945 Madison Avenue.
Photo:?NY-Architecture via Untapped Cities.

The hotly anticipated new Whitney Museum of American Art doesn't officially open to the public until May 1, but with the slew of VIP previews, receptions, and events going down over?the coming week (seeWhitney Museum's Inaugural Show in New Home Spans John Sloan to Yayoi Kusama and Jeff Koons), the Renzo Piano-designed space in the Meatpacking District is about to be on the tip of everyone's tongue. To celebrate, we've got ten fun facts that will change the way you see the institution (see?Does the New Whitney Museum Herald a Golden Age for New York Institutions?).

1. It was born out of rejection.
It's not the least-known fact about the American art museum, but it is perhaps the most inspiring: founder Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney was moved?to create the institution after the Met refused a gift of nearly?700 works she attempted to donate. Keep that in mind next time someone sends a "no" in your direction.

Photo: Bernard Gotfryd/Courtesy of the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Photo: Bernard Gotfryd/Courtesy of the Whitney Museum of American Art.

2. Jackie O attended the Breuer building's opening.
Back in 1966, when the museum christened the?Breuer building, Jackie O (and a host of other '60s-era socialites) showed up to the ribbon cutting and subsequent party, looking fabulous in a pair of white elbow-length gloves.?We'll take this to mean we can expect some equally impressive celebrity sightings?at one of the upcoming preview parties.

3. If you're an artist featured in the museum's permanent collection, you get a lifetime membership.
The Whitney likes to treat their artists right. If you have a piece in the collection, you'll never pay a dime to access the museum for the rest of your life. You know, just in case being included in the collection of a major museum wasn't exciting enough. (See Whitney Hikes Entry Fees, Sells Advance Tickets to New Home.)

A Whitney artist lifetime pass.  Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

A Whitney Museum artist lifetime pass.
Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

4. The Whitney Biennial started as an "alternative" kind?of art show.
These days, the Whitney Biennial is known for catching flak from critics for being too white, too male, or just not up to expectations. But back in 1932,?it was begun as an alternative to stuffy museum exhibitions curated by academics. The show aimed to survey some of the more radical means of visual expression happening in the country, and the idea was??to have no juries and no prizes. Artists were even?allowed to select their own work for inclusion in the show.

5. The Breuer building was?initially disliked.
It's revered as a New York City staple now, but in 1966, there were more than a few critics of Brutalist concrete structure.?New York Timesarchitecture critic?Ada Louise Huxtable, despite appreciating the building herself,?acknowledged in a column that it was probably "the most disliked building in New York."

6. Bob Dylan and his rock star friends have all?partied at the museum.
It isn't just Jackie O who has graced the institution with her presence. In 1985, Columbia Records?threw a wild affair at the Breuer for Bob Dylan, featuring large video screens with images of the rocker throughout the years. Who else showed up? Oh, just Lou Reed, Iggy Pop, David Bowie, Martin Scorsese, Robert De Niro, and?Yoko Ono. You know. No big deal.

7. Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney was involved with the 1913 Armory Show.
Whitney helped subsidize the legendary 1913 Armory Show, where Marcel Duchamp's pivotal canvas?Nude Descending a Staircase was lampooned as "an explosion in a shingle factory," but?reportedly did notactually attend it herself.

Robert Henri, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1916). Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

Robert Henri,?Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1916).
Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

8. The museum was?sued over a?James Turrell show?twice.
The 1980 show?"James Turrell: Light and Space"?precipitated lawsuits against the museum from?two separate groups of museumgoers who claimed that the light works cause them to become?"disoriented and confused." One woman even claimed she strained her wrist. Turrell was forced to spend $30,000 to defend himself after the museum's insurance company attempted to place the full blame on him.

9. The Whitney?used to have branches.
In the early days, the museum established corporate-funded branches in downtown Manhattan, the Equitable Center on Seventh Avenue and 52nd Street, Park Avenue and 42nd Street at the headquarters of Philip Morris (later Altria), and in Stamford, Connecticut?all of which were?eventually shuttered.

10. Duke Ellington played a concert and recorded an album there.
In 1972, jazz icon Duke Ellington staged a concert at the museum, and recorded the acclaimed album "Live at the Whitney." The event occurred just a few before Ellington's 73rd birthday.

The Whitney's new location. Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

The Whitney's new location.
Photo: Courtesy the Whitney Museum of American Art.

The?Whitney Museum of American Art reopens to the public at 99 Gansevoort Street on May 1 with the exhibition "America Is Hard To See," on display until September 27, 2015.

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artnet News Top 200 Art Collectors Worldwide for 2015, Part One

05/03/15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Categories: ze sv?ta, osudy, ArtBohemia


artnet News Top 200 Art Collectors Worldwide for 2015, Part One

artnet News,?Wednesday, April 29, 2015


Today's world is ever more globalized and increasingly interconnected?and that means the emergence of a new kind of multi-millionaire and billionaire with currency to spare?(see?The Top 10 Uber-Rich Art Collectors). Beyond their tendency to snap up properties of every shade, from penthouses to boats to businesses, this generation of tycoons, celebrities, and philanthropists are more regularly turning to another time-tested form of ritual consumption with a range of cultural benefits: art collecting. Be they heirs to Middle Eastern fortunes or young pioneers in the tech industry (see?Meet 20 of the World's Most Innovative Art Collectors), art collectors in the 21st century represent a demographic more widely varied than ever before.

To chronicle our times and these champions of the arts who hail from all corners of the planet and every possible background, artnet News has compiled the ultimate two-part list. Our roster of collectors features those who have been most active within the past 12 months and have shown a remarkable commitment to collecting.

We acknowledge that the lineup is heavily skewed toward male collectors based in the US, but beyond the usual suspects, we've done our best to cast a light on collectors you may not have yet heard about. We're impressed by the number of influential women who made the cut (see?The 100 Most Powerful Women in Art: Part One), as well as the marked contingent of younger Chinese men and women including Richard Chang, David Chau and Kelly Ying, Adrian Cheng, and Lin Han.

Some collectors are profiled in depth, while others, our "Collectors to Watch"?including emerging connoisseurs, those who are operating under the radar, and those who were once very active even if they've been quieter in recent years?are incorporated by name only.

Organized alphabetically, the index is the culmination of a three-month process that began with a poll of experts in the industry?including dealers, art advisers, and other insiders?and involved the efforts of staff and freelance writer Emily Nathan. (See?Artnet News Top 200 Art Collectors Worldwide For 2015, Part Two).

We hope you find it useful!



Roman Abramovich and Dasha Zhukova. Photo via DailyMail

Roman Abramovich and Dasha Zhukova.
Photo via DailyMail

Roman Abramovich and Dasha Zhukova (Russia)
Moscow-born Dasha Zhukova opened the?Garage Center for Contemporary Culture in 2008 in Moscow (see?Dasha Zhukova to Debut Moscow's Rem Koolhaas?Designed Garage Museum June 12), and, with her partner Roman Abramovich (the owner of England's Chelsea Football Club) she is now developing “New Holland," a 19-acre island in Saint Petersburg, into a similar creative hub. Together, they recently bought the world's largest collection of works by?Ilya Kabakov (the priciest living Russian artist). Her collection is now legendary, containing thousands of mostly contemporary artworks. Her husband seems to prefer modern and Impressionist art, if auction records are any guide.

Robbie Antonio

Robbie Antonio.?
Photo: Courtesy of Clint Spaulding/ Patrick McMullan.

Robbie Antonio (Philippines)
Real estate developer Antonio's Manila home was designed by Rem Koolhaas?the first residential commission the architect had taken on in 15 years?and it houses the Filipino?collector's private collection. His current obsession is a series of portraits of himself that he has commissioned from some of the world's hottest contemporary artists (he has already paid $3 million for the two dozen that have been completed), including?Julian Schnabel,?Marilyn Minter, David Salle, Zhang Huan, the Bruce High Quality Foundation, and?Takashi Murakami.

Bernard and Helene Arnault

Bernard and Hélène Arnault.?
Photo: Courtesy of Billy Farrell/Patrick McMullan.

Hélène and Bernard Arnault (France)
Chairman and chief executive officer of the Louis Vuitton Foundation, Arnault is the richest man in France. His newest creation, the Frank Gehry?designed Louis Vuitton Foundation, opened in the Bois de Boulogne this past October (see?As a Museum, Frank Gehry's Fondation Louis Vuitton in Paris Disappoints), with commissioned works by the likes of?Olafur Eliasson,?Ellsworth Kelly,?Sarah Morris, and?Taryn Simon. His collection spans many thousands of contemporary and modern artworks.

Maria and Bill Bell.  Photo:

Maria and Bill Bell.?

Bill and Maria Bell (United States)
Maria, the former head writer of CBS's?The Young and the Restless, a chair of the National Art Awards, and a former board co-chair of theMuseum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA), got her start collecting modestly priced?George?Hurrell photos, and has always favored the work of idiosyncratic contemporary producers like Francesco Vezzoli and Mark Ryden. Her husband Bill's taste tends toward the more iconic, including works by?Marcel Duchamp. Early in their collecting career together, the Bells were drawn to?Andy Warhol, but, as they recently told the?New York Observer, they wanted to look to more contemporary producers?and deemed?Jeff Koons an appropriate choice. These days, they have amassed a substantial collection of works by Koons, along with many other mega names.

Peter Benedek. Photo:

Peter Benedek.?

Peter Benedek (United States)
Peter Benedek, co-founder of United Talent Agency and one of Hollywood's most powerful agents, began collecting art some 20 years ago, and has since filled nearly all the walls of his Brentwood home and his Beverly Hills office with works by some of the biggest names in modern and contemporary art?from?David Hockney and?Gerhard Richterto?Alex Katz,?Milton Avery, and even?Francis Picabia and Giorgio Morandi. He is reported to have purchased a?John Currin nude long before the painter was a hot name, and an?Alice Neel portrait of dealer Robert Graham?which he purchased at auction?still hangs in his office: "It's great to have an agent looking at me every day," he told theHollywood Reporter.

Debra and Leon Black. Photo:

Debra and Leon Black.?

Debra and Leon Black (United States)
Owner of?Apollo Global Management, Phaidon Books, and Artspace Marketplace, so-called “buyouts man" Black is reported to have a fortune of $5.4 billion. In 2012, he made waves when he purchased one of four existing versions of?Edvard Munch's?The Scream for $119.9 million?at the time, the highest price ever paid for a work of art at an auction.

Christian and Karen Boros

Christian and Karen Boros.?
Photo: Courtesy FvF/ Wolfgang Stahr.

Christian and Karen Boros (Germany)
In 2003, ad agency founder and publisher Christian Boros purchased a former Nazi air raid shelter in central Berlin, and transformed it into the Bunker, an 80-room exhibition space for contemporary art. Featured artists from Boros's personal collection of some 700 works include contemporary stars like?Elmgreen & Dragset,?Sarah Lucas, and Rirkrit Tiravanija, classics like Olafur Eliasson (a Boros favorite, with 30 works in his collection), Franz Ackermann,?Wolfgang Tillmans,?Ed Ruscha,Damien Hirst, and Terence Koh, and even members of a new generation of Berlin-based artists, including Thea Djordjadze, Alicja Kwade, Klara Lidén, Michael Sailstorfer, and Danh Vo.


Norman and Irma Braman.?

Irma and Norman Braman (United States)
Since they began collecting in 1979?they fell in love with sculptures byAlexander Calder and?Joan Miró at the Maeght Foundation in southern France, as the story goes?auto-industry magnate Braman and his wife Irma have built a veritable empire of modern and contemporary art. Dividing their residences among?France, Colorado, and Florida, the couple helped establish Art Basel in Miami Beach in 2002, and they are now single-handedly funding the design and construction of South Florida's newest major museum, the Institute of Contemporary Art, Miami.

Peter Brant in 2014. Photo:  J Grassi/

Peter Brant.

Peter Brant (United States)
The owner of?Interview magazine (which he bought directly from its founder, Andy Warhol), as well as?Art in America and?Antiques, and the creator of the Brant Foundation in Greenwich, Connecticut (see?Is the Brant Foundation a Tax Scam or an Art Investment Vehicle?), Brant is known for his blue-chip collection of primarily American art, though his recent acquisitions include Vancouver artist Steven Shearer. Brant made news recently when he purchased artist?Walter de Maria's 16,400-square-foot East Sixth Street studio and home for $27 million (see?Peter Brant Paid $27 Million for Walter De Maria's Old Studio); he has already hosted a show by Dan Colen in the space (see?Peter Brant Hosts Dan Colen Show in Walter De Maria Studio), and many speculate that he will transform it into an exhibition venue.

Eli Broad. Photo:

Eli Broad.?

Eli Broad (United States)
Widely considered one of Los Angeles's leading art patrons, entrepreneur Broad and his wife Edythe have been collecting for over five decades, assembling one of the world's most prominent collections of postwar and contemporary art (see?10 Los Angeles Art Power Couples You Need To Know). They are currently building the Broad, a $140-million showcase designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro which will house their vast trove and is slated to open its doors in the fall of 2015 (seeBroad Museum Director Opens Up About First Exhibition and?Eli Broad Sues Museum Contractor for $20 Million Over Delays). Among the most recent acquisitions to the still-growing collection (see?Kusama, Kentridge, and Kjartansson Among Eli Broad's Latest Acquisitions) are?Jordan Wolfson's multimedia, animatronic sculpture?Female figure(2014) (see?Eli Broad Adds Jordan Wolfson's Terrifying Robot to Collection),?Yayoi Kusama's immersive?Infinity Mirrored Room ? The Souls of Millions of Light Years Away (2013); Ragnar Kjartansson's video installation?The Visitors (2012) (see?Kara Walker, Ragnar Kjartansson, Henri Matisse, Robert Gober and More Win AICA Awards); and?William Kentridge's sculptural video work?The Refusal of Time (2012).

*More Collectors To Watch:
Paul Allen
Basma Al Sulaiman
Sheikha Al Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani
Marc Andreessen
Laura and John Arnold
Camilla Barella
Swizz Beatz
Claudia Beck and Andrew Gruft
Robert and Renée Belfer
Lawrence Benenson



Frieder Burda

Frieder Burda.?
Photo: Courtesy of Joe Schildhorn/ Patrick McMullan.

Frieder Burda (Germany)
The son of a renowned German publisher and art collector, Burda bought his first picture, a?Lucio Fontana, in his early 30s, and in 2004 he opened his?Frieder Burda Museum in Baden-Baden. The collection has now grown to include more than 1,000 works of art. Like his father, Burda focuses on established modern movements such as German Expressionism (Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, August Macke, Max Beckmann) and Abstract Expressionism (Jackson Pollock and?Willem de Kooning), and he has acquired a substantial collection of works by his German contemporaries, among them?Sigmar Polke,?Georg Baselitz, and Gerhard Richter.

Richard Chang. Photo:

Richard Chang.?

Richard Chang (United States)
American-Chinese investment professional Richard Chang, the founder of the?Domus Collection, is a trustee of the Royal Academy in London, a member of Tate's International Council and its?Asia-Pacific Acquisitions Committee, and a trustee of MoMA PS1 and the?Whitney Museum in New York, where he is also co-founder and chair of the performance committee. Dividing time between New York and?Beijing, he is considered key in bridging Western and Asian art; he often sponsors special projects, such as Beijing-based artist Huang Ran's feature film?The Administration of Glory in 2013 (which was selected for the Palme d'Or at Cannes in 2014?see 31-Year-Old Artist Ran Huang Selected for Cannes' Palmes d'Or), and Pipilotti Rist's?first exhibition in China, at the?Times Museum in Guangzhou.

Kim Chang-il

Kim Chang-il.?
Photo: Courtesy of the?Wall Street Journal.

Kim Chang-il (Korea)
Founder of the recently launched?Arario Museum, Kim Chang-il is one of Korea's top gallerists as well as collectors, and is also an artist. His collection began with an interest in contemporary and modern Korean artists, but, as reported by the?Huffington Post, a visit to MOCA in Los Angeles in 1981 inspired him to expand his collection. His holdings now number around 3,700 pieces, and include work from Korean contemporaries as well as YBAs, members of the Leipzig School, and young artists from China, India, and Southeast Asia, as well as respected big-name artists from the West.

Kelly Ying

Kelly Ying.?
Photo: Courtesy of?Forbes.

David Chau and Kelly Ying (China)
Based in Shanghai, David Chau and his wife, Kelly Ying, acquired the bulk of their wealth from David's fleet-management company, and estimate that they spend around $1.5 million annually on art acquisitions. Chau set up a $32-million art investment fund when he was 21, and is the financial backer of two galleries, Leo Xu's and Simon Wang's?Antenna Space. He is also the co-founder, with Ying, of Shanghai's newest art fair,?Art021. Their personal collection is anchored by work by three young Chinese artists, Liu Wei, Xu Zhen, and Yang Fudong, as well as an extensive selection of video art.

Pierre T.M. Chen

Pierre Tm Chen.?
Photo: Courtesy of Sotheby's/ Andrew Loiterton.

Pierre T.M. Chen (Taiwan)
Chen made his first purchase in 1976 while still a student?a wooden sculpture by Chinese artist Cheung Yee. It took him a year and a half to save up the funds to do so. Today, the computer engineer's extensive collection features hundreds of paintings and sculptures by blue-chip artists including Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Henry Moore, Les Lalanne, Antony Gormley, Cai Guo-Qiang, and Jeff Koons.?He is currently most excited by Western contemporary art, and purchases rather emotionally: he is said to have bought an untitled?Cy Twombly because it made him feel “calm" and a yellow Warhol Fright Wig because he found it “so fresh."

Adrian Cheng

Adrian Cheng.?
Photo: Courtesy of Larry's List.

Adrian Cheng (China)
One of the world's youngest billionaires, Cheng is heir to a property-development fortune in Asia. He graduated from Harvard and has gone on to found the nonprofit K11 Art Foundation, which supports art villages in Wuhan and Guiyang, China; its collection focuses on international artists, such as?Yoshitomo Nara and Olafur Eliasson, while Cheng's own personal collection includes work by Chinese artists such as Zhang Enli. In 2012 Cheng was also invited to join Tate's Asia-Pacific Acquisitions Committee.


Kemal Has Cingillioglu

Kemal Has Cingillioglu.?
Photo: Courtesy of Vebidoo.

Kemal Has Cingillioglu (United Kingdom)
Son of Turkish financier Halit Cingillioglu, Kemal Has Cingillioglu serves as a member of the European advisory board at Christie's. He made headlines this past year when he purchased Cy Twombly's 1960s workUntitled (Rome) for $4.4 million at Christie's.

Patricia Phelps de Cisneros. Photo:

Patricia Phelps de Cisneros.?

Patricia Phelps de Cisneros (Venezuela and Dominican Republic)
Phelps de Cisneros is one of the world's most prominent collectors of Latin American art, and her trove contains some 2,000 works ranging across colonial, modern, and contemporary periods, along with ethnographic objects from the Americas. She sits on the board of MoMA, and London's Royal Academy recently presented an exhibition of 90 works in geometric abstraction that were drawn from her holdings.


Steven Cohen. Photo:

Steven Cohen.?

Steven Cohen (United States)
Billionaire former hedge fund manager Steven Cohen, who is reportedly worth some $11.1 billion, is said to spend 20 percent of his income on art, with a collection that famously includes a Pollock drip painting and Damien Hirst's iconic shark piece, which he bought from?Charles Saatchifor $8 million in 2004. In 2006, he offered to buy?Picasso's?Le Rêve fromSteve Wynn for $139 million, but Wynn accidentally put his elbow through the painting and the deal was off until last year, when Cohen finally purchased the painting, now repaired, for $155 million. He was also the secret buyer of the?Alberto Giacometti sculpture?Chariot in November, which he bought at Sotheby's for a near-record $100,965,000.


Carlos and Rosa de la Cruz. Photo:

Carlos and Rosa de la Cruz.?

Rosa and Carlos de la Cruz (United States)
Carlos de la Cruz is the chairman of a $1 billion-per-year business empire that includes?Coca-Cola bottling plants in Trinidad and Tobago and Puerto Rico. Along with his wife Rosa, he is known for staging state-of-the-art annual exhibitions that coincide with Art Basel Miami Beach. These were initially held in their private Miami residence, but are now staged at their eponymous three-story, 30,000-square-foot art space, which they opened in 2009. The couple is keen on acquiring works from across the wide range of contemporary American production, most recently purchasing pieces by Dan Colen and Nate Lowman.

*More Collectors To Watch:

Nicolas Berggruen
Jill and Jay Bernstein
Ernesto Bertarelli
James Brett
Jim Breyer
Christian Bührle
Monique and Max Burger
Valentino D. Carlotti
Edouard Carmignac
Trudy and Paul Cejas



Dimitris Daskalopoulos

Dimitris Daskalopoulos.?
Photo: Courtesy Trevor Leighton.

Dimitris Daskalopoulos (Greece)
Beyond his vast collection of contemporary art, Greek food and beverage entrepreneur Daskalopoulos is a member of the board of trustees of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, Tate International Council, the Director's Vision Council of the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, and the Leadership Council of New York's New Museum. He is also a founding partner of the Whitechapel Gallery's Future Fund. In 2014 he was honored by Independent Curators International (ICI) with the Leo Award, which celebrates a “visionary" approach to collecting. He is also a champion of the contemporary art scene in his home country, and recently founded a nonprofit, NEON, committed to bringing contemporary culture to everyone in Greece.


Z?e and Joel Dictrow. Photo:

Z?e and Joel Dictrow.?

Z?e and Joel?Dictrow (United States)
These long-time West Village residents, Zoe a former magazine advertising manager and Joel a former Citigroup executive, have lived in the same apartment for four decades, though they eventually purchased two neighboring apartments to accommodate their expanding art collection. They are known for their support of emerging artists, but their holdings include work by established producers like?Gerhard Richter, Robert Gober,?Cindy Sherman and Sarah Sze.

George Economou

George Economou.?
Photo: Courtesy of Nicholas Hunt/ Patrick McMullan.

George Economou (Greece)
The Greek shipping magnate has a predilection for paintings and drawings, particularly of the 20th-century German and Austrian persuasion, and he frequently purchases work by lesser-known artists, or minor works by big-name producers, from Picasso, Twombly and Magritte to?Kees van Dongen. A prolific collector, he acquires between 150 to 200 works a year, and usually chooses to go through smaller auction houses and galleries based in Germany and Austria rather than Sotheby's or Christie's.

Alan Faena

Alan Faena.?
Photo: Courtesy Patrick McMullan/ Patrick McMullan.

Alan Faena (Argentina)
Argentina's most successful hotelier and real estate developer, Faena is an avid collector of Latin American art. In December of 2015, he aims to debut his new exhibition space, a Rem Koolhaas?designed structure called the Faena Forum, opening in Miami.

Harald Falckenberg

Harald Falckenberg.?
Photo: via Wikipedia.

Harald Falckenberg (Germany)
One of the world's most respected art collectors, Falckenberg has received the Art Cologne Prize and the Montblanc de la Culture Arts Patronage Award, and published numerous books on art. Known for his ability to stay ahead of the art market, he was among the first collectors to purchase works by now-major figures like?Martin Kippenberger,Richard Prince, and?Jonathan Meese, and his collection comprises over 2,000 pieces, shown in a 65,000-square-foot former factory building in Hamburg in collaboration with Deichtorhallen/Hamburg.

Mark Falcone and Ellen Bruss. Photo:

Mark Falcone and Ellen Bruss.?

Mark Falcone and Ellen Bruss (United States)
Real-estate developer Falcone and his wife Ellen Bruss live next door to the Museum of Contemporary Art Denver in a home designed for them by architect David Adjaye. In recent years they have become avid collectors of Mexican art, and their collection now includes works by Gonzalo Lebrija, Eduardo Sarabia, and Federico Solmi, as well as Denver artists Stephen Batura, David Zimmer, Adam Milner, Bill Stockman, and Mary Erhin.

Amy and Vernon Faulconer. Photo:

Amy and Vernon Faulconer.?

Amy and Vernon Faulconer (United States)
Founded by oil and gas magnate Vernon Faulconer and his wife Amy, the Amy and Vernon Faulconer Collection contains painting, sculpture, photography, video, and installation works made from 1945 to the present, with notable contributions by such artists as Cecily Brown,John Chamberlain,?Francesco Clemente,?Donald Judd,?Anish Kapoor,Anselm Kiefer,?Martin Kippenberger,?Bridget Riley,?James Turell, andKara Walker, among many others. Together with his friends and fellow Texan super-collectors the Rachofskys, the Falconers opened the Warehouse in 2012, in part to accommodate works that were too large for the Faulconer's private home.

Howard Farber. Photo:

Howard Farber.?

Howard and Patricia Farber (United States)
The Farbers fell in love with the art of Cuba during a visit to the island in 2001, and have since created a stunning collection of some 200 pieces by artists including Belkis Ayón, Abel Barroso, Tania Bruguera, Los Carpinteros, Sandra Ramos, Duvier del Dago, Carlos Garaicoa, René Pe?a, and Rocío García.

Marilyn and Larry Fields. Photo:

Marilyn and Larry Fields.?

Larry and Marilyn Fields (United States)
Lawyer and former commodities trader Larry and his wife Marilyn, one of Chicago's most prominent collecting couples, have amassed an array of some 500 objects from almost 300 living artists, 150 of which are installed in their private residence, and many of which have a political bent. The collection includes many pieces by African-American artists such as?Kara Walker, Glenn Ligon, Mark Bradford, and?Theaster Gates, whom they have been collecting in depth. Recent acquisitions include works by David Hammons, Jim Hodges, and?Christopher Wool.


*More Collectors To Watch

Marie Chaix
Michael and Eva Chow
Frank Cohen
Michael and Eileen Cohen
Isabel and Agustín Coppel
Anthony D'Offay
Theo Danjuma
Hélène and Michel David-Weill
Antoine de Galbert
Ralph DeLuca



Amanda and Glenn Fuhrman. Photo:

Amanda and Glenn Fuhrman.?

Amanda and Glenn Fuhrman (United States)
Fuhrman, co-managing partner of MSD Capital, studied art history and was recently listed by?Business Insider among the most serious art collectors on Wall Street. He is a trustee of the MoMA, is a trustee of Tate Americas Foundation, is a board member of the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia, and is founder of The FLAG Art Foundation in New York.

David and Danielle Ganek. Photo:

David and Danielle Ganek.?

Danielle and David Ganek (United States)
A former equity trader for SAC Capital and a trustee of the Guggenheim, Ganek and his wife, editor and novelist Danielle, have a sprawling art collection that includes work by Richard Prince,?Diane Arbus, Jeff Koons,?Cindy Sherman, John Currin, and?Mike Kelley. David bought his first work of art at the age of 17, and has since gone on to commission work from mega-hot contemporary artists such as?Ed Ruscha, whom he hired to create a painting incorporating the word “Level" for the walls of his firm's Greenwich headquarters in 2003.

Ingvild Goetz. Photo: Courtesy

Ingvild Goetz.?
Photo: Courtesy

Ingvild Goetz (Germany)
Former gallerist Ingvild Goetz began to collect media art in the 1990s, and today she owns one of the largest private collections of video art and media works in the world. Her Goetz Collection, housed in a private museum designed by Herzog & de Meuron in Munich, is said to contain around 5,000 works of contemporary art?many of them by emerging artists and nearly half of them by women.

Ken Griffin. Photo:

Ken Griffin.?

Ken Griffin (United States)
Chicago-based Griffin, who recently divorced his wife Anne Dias (a board member at?the Museum of Modern Art, a trustee of the Foundation for Contemporary Art and the Whitney Museum), has reportedly only ever sold one artwork from his collection. Head of the $20 billion investment firm Citadel, Griffin is extremely particular when it comes to acquisitions, and only buys masterpieces that he feels can hold their own alongside the few dozen pieces he already owns by Paul Cézanne,Claude Monet and?Jasper Johns. (In 2006, he paid David Geffen $80 million for?Jasper Johns's 1959 painting?False Start?a record price at the time for a living artist.)

Agnes Gund Photo: Owen Hoffmann/Patrick McMullan

Agnes Gund
Photo: Owen Hoffmann/Patrick McMullan

Agnes Gund (United States)
Beloved art patron Agnes Gund is practically New York's philanthropist-in-chief; she once told the?New York Times that she gives away “more money than I really have," not only to art organizations but also to causes like sex trafficking and abortion rights. Her 2,000-work collection includes works by artists like Jasper Johns, Ellsworth Kelly,Roy Lichtenstein, and?Frank Stella, but she's also known to collect female and black artists, including Lynda Benglis, Teresita Fernandez, and Kara Walker, and lesser-known artists like the Scottish Richard Wright, from whom she commissioned a mural on her dining room ceiling. Among her causes, too, is one that might groom the next generation of aspiring artists and collectors: Studio in a School, which she founded in the '70s and which teaches art in under-resourced New York City schools.

Kathy and Steven Guttman. Photo:

Kathy and Steven Guttman.?

Steven and Kathy Guttman (United States)
Real-estate magnate Guttman's collecting bug started when he would take his dog on walks in Washington, D.C., and check out the furniture in his neighbors' houses?a practice which soon grew to include a penchant for buying everything from dressers, sofas, chairs, cabinets, and tables crafted by British and American folk artists to contemporary paintings and photographs. Today, he and his wife Kathy have a more than 500-piece collection of art including conceptual, LED, and wooden works by?Andreas Eriksson, Jim Campbell,?Analia Saban and?Cheyney Thompson, among many others, stored among houses and storage spaces in Paris, New York and Maryland?including his $70-million, state-of-the-art storage facility in Long Island City, named “UOVO," Italian for “egg," in reference to the fragility of the space's precious cargo.

Andrew and Christine Hall. Photo:

Andrew and Christine Hall.?

Andrew and Christine Hall (United States)
The British-born Hall, a former Citigroup trader and hedge fund manager who also dabbles in organic farming, and his wife, Christine, have a collection of postwar and contemporary art that includes works by?Eric Fischl, A. R. Penck, Ed Ruscha, Andy Warhol,?Franz West and?Malcolm Morley. In 2012, they opened the Hall Art Foundation in Vermont, in exhibition partnership with the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, and they are working to organize a long-term installation of artworks by?Anselm Kiefer from their collection. Most recently, the Halls have been busy converting a castle in Germany, the former home and studio of?Georg Baselitz, into a museum that will open next year.

Lin Han

Lin Han.?
Photo: Courtesy of Forbes.

Lin Han (China)
Although he has only been collecting for a few years, Han?who studied at a secondary school in Singapore before pursuing a degree in animation design at Northumbria University in the United Kingdom ?recently opened the M Woods Museum with his wife Wanwan Lei, in the middle of Beijing's art district, to show off his personal collection of over 200 artworks. Lei studied arts administration at China's Central Art Academy and Columbia University in New York; Han's first art purchase was a?Zeng Fanzhi painting in 2013, and he has recently purchased work by such artists as?Tracey Emin, Kader Attia and?Chen Fei.


Henk and Victoria de Heus Zomer

Henk and Victoria de Heus Zomer.?
Photo: Courtesy of NRC.

Henk and Victoria de Heus-Zomer (Holland)
Henk and Victoria de Heus-Zomer, who made their fortune in the cattle-food industry, began collecting art in 1989, when they moved into a new home and reportedly needed something “to fill the empty walls." They have since anticipated many trends in the market?acquiring works by such artists as?Zhang Xiaogang and?Ai Weiwei long before the international art world took notice of them?and they have become avid collectors of other contemporary Chinese artists as well. Theirs is now one of the largest contemporary art collections in the Netherlands.

Grant Hill

Grant Hill. Photo: Barry Gossag

Grant Hill (United States)

Seven time NBA All-Star Grant Hill was first introduced to art by his father. For years he has been considered one of the world's leading collectors of African American fine art, with a collection that includes work by?Elizabeth Catlett,?Romare Bearden, Hughie Lee-Smith, John T. Biggers, Phoebe Beasely, Malcolm Brown, Edward Jackson, John Coleman and Arthello Beck, Jr. His collection was the source of a multi-city touring show “Something All Our Own,"which was seen in seven cities, including at the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University,?his alma mater. Hill, who has amassed a major collection, remains an active collector and philanthropist.

Maja Hoffmann

Maja Hoffmann.?
Photo: Courtesy of Will Ragozzino/ Patrick McMullan.

Maja Hoffmann (Switzerland)
Founder of the LUMA Foundation and daughter of Luc Hoffmann of the Hoffmann-La Roche pharmaceutical fortune, Hoffmann is a Tate trustee, and she sits on the boards of the Palais de Tokyo, New York's New Museum and CCS Bard, to name just a few. In July of 2013, her Foundation was granted permission to transform a 20-acre former train station in Arles, France, into a new art campus, designed by?Frank Gehryand slated for completion in 2018.

Erika Hoffmann-Koenige

Erika Hoffmann-Koenige.?
Photo: Courtesy of the Hoffmann Collection.

Erika Hoffmann-Koenige (Germany)
Collecting since the 1960s, Erika Hoffmann-Koenig moved to Berlin with her late husband Rolf, a property developer, shortly after German unification in 1990, and installed their collection of largely conceptual contemporary art in their private residence, which they set up in a former sewing machine factory. Occasionally open to the public, their international collection ranges across all mediums; it was founded with works from the Italian Arte Povera movement and the Zero group (their first purchase, in 1968, was a sculpture by the Greek artist Vlassilakis?Takis), and also features a substantial collection of Soviet Constructivist works, as well as works by?Blinky Palermo,?John Bock,Lawrence Wiener, and Andy Warhol, among many others.

*More Collectors to Watch

Tiqui Atencio Demirdjian
Beth Rudin DeWoody
Leonardo DiCaprio
Mandy and Cliff Einstein
Eric Diefenbach and JK Brown
David C. Driskell
Mandy and Cliff Einstein
Rebecca and Martin Eisenberg,
Ginevra Elkann
Tim and Gina Fairfax
Dana Farouki


Michael and Susan Hort. Photo: courtesy of David Willems Photography.

Michael and Susan Hort.?
Photo: courtesy of David Willems Photography.

Michael and Susan Hort (United States)
One of New York's most respected collecting couples (see?Five Major Art Collectors Reveal Their Holiday Wish Lists)?with a reputation as bold patrons of young and emerging artists, some of whom do not even have gallery representation when the Horts begin buying?Susan and Michael Hort continue to install selections from their holdings of some 3,000 works between their four-floor Tribeca home and their rural New Jersey abode. For the past 13 years, they have opened their Tribeca space to a select crowd of VIPs and art aficionados during Armory Week (see?Want a Peek Inside the Exclusive Hort Family Collection?); curated by Jamie Cohen Hort, their daughter-in-law (married to their son, Peter Hort, who together are a notable young collecting couple), the viewings feature works by artists ranging from the likes of Cindy Sherman,?Thomas Houseago, and John Currin to practically unknown talents, and can bring up to 3,000 visitors per day. The Horts continue to champion the arts through their own personal collecting and through their Rema Hort Mann Foundation, a nonprofit they set up in honor of their late daughter.


Guillaume Houze

Guillaume Houzé.?
Photo: Courtesy of Bertrand Rindoff/ Getty Images.

Guillaume Houzé (France)
Heir to his family's chain of Galeries Lafayette department stores, Guillaume Houzé has been presenting artwork in?La Galerie des Galeries, a space within the flagship branch, since 2005, along with his grandmother. His own collection includes works by Cyprien Gaillard,Wade Guyton, Tatiana Trouvé,?Ugo Rondinone and?David Noonan, and he is planning to open a permanent art foundation in Paris's Marais district in 2016.


Wang Jianlin

Wang Jianlin.?
Photo: via Wikipedia.

Wang Jianlin (China)
The president of the Dalian Wanda Group, one of China's largest real-estate developers?with a reported fortune of some $18 billion?Jianlin is currently battling entrepreneur Jack Ma for the title of richest man in China. He recently purchased a Picasso painting,?Claude and Paloma, for $28.2 million (see?Are Chinese Collectors Driving Global Art Market Rebound?).

Dakis Joannou

Dakis Joannou.?
Photo: Courtesy of Yiorgos Kaplanidis.

Dakis Joannou (Greece)
Greek-Cypriot billionaire industrialist and founder of the DESTE Foundation of Contemporary Art in Athens (as well as its outpost on the island of Hydra), Joannou has been assembling a blue-chip collection of contemporary art since the mid-1980s. Although his enormous holdings cross genres, periods, and geographies, including Baroque figurines, Cypriot antiquities, couture, drawings, and modernist furniture, his more contemporary interests include the work of such artists as Andro Wekua, Seth Price,?Tauba Auerbach,?Haim Steinbach, William Kentridge, and?Pawel Althamer, among others.


Alan Lau.Photo: Courtesy

Alan Lau.
Photo: Courtesy

Alan Lau (China)
A member of the Asia-Pacific Acquisitions Committee at Tate London and of the board at nonprofit art space Para Site in Hong Kong?and a fixture on the art-conference circuit?Lau is one of the most influential Asian art collectors active today. He started collecting under?10?years ago, and his vast collection of Asian and Western art includes names like Nam June Paik,?Ai Weiwei,?Cao Fei, Lee Kit,?Tsang Kin-Wah, Kwan Sheung Chi, Chow Chun Fai, Tozer Pak, and Olafur Eliasson, among others. (Lau also made the cut for artnet News'?2014 list of?Most Innovative Art Collectors.)

Joseph Lau

Joseph Lau.?
Photo: Courtesy of Larry's List.

Joseph Lau (China)
With a fortune recently estimated by?Forbes at $4.3 billion, Chinese real-estate investor Joseph Lau started collecting more than 30 years ago, and is celebrated for his collection of modern and contemporary art, especially for his Warhols. He is best known for having purchased a 1972 iconic portrait of Mao by Warhol for $17.3 million at Christie's New York in 2006; and?Paul Gauguin's?Te poipoi (Le matin) (1892), which he bought for $39.2 million at Sotheby's in November 2007.

Raymond Learsy and Melva Bucksbaum. Photo:

Raymond Learsy and Melva Bucksbaum.?

Melva Bucksbaum and Raymond Learsy (United States)
Washington, D.C.?born Bucksbaum?who originally wanted to be an artist?and her second husband, former commodities trader Raymond J. Learsy, are best known for collecting contemporary art, but their collection includes everything from?Peter Paul Rubens to?James Rosenquist. The couple recently purchased?The Hunting Party by Rosa Loy and?Neo Rauch, and they are always adding to their collection of works by?Laurie Simmons, a shared favorite. Bucksbaum is the patron behind the Whitney Museum's Bucksbaum Award, which gives a $100,000 grant and a Whitney solo show to one lucky winner in each Whitney Biennial (see?Zoe Leonard Wins Whitney's Bucksbaum Award With Her Giant Camera Obscura).

Edward and Angnes Lee

Edward and Angnes Lee.?
Photo: Courtesy the Jewish Chronicle/ John Rifkin.

Agnes and Edward Lee (United Kingdom)
A principal in the London-based real-estate portfolio Princeton Investments, which has an estimated worth of $96 million, Edward Lee and his wife are quiet but avid collectors who like to take risks. They tend to favor edgy contemporary work by international producers such as?Wilhelm Sasnal and?Jim Hodges.

Aaron and Barbara Levine. Photo:

Aaron and Barbara Levine.?

Aaron and Barbara Levine (United States)
“A lot of people think conceptual art is a bunch of baloney," Barbara recently told the?Wall Street Journal, confessing that her taste has always been for more minimal art, while her husband, Aaron, has a predilection for Abstract Expressionists and Social Realism. Barbara and Mr. Levine, a personal-injury lawyer, live among four floors of photographs, books, drawings, sculptures, videos of performances and other creations by the likes of?Robert Barry, On Kawara,?Christopher Williams, and Marcel Duchamp, of whom they own 25 works.

Adam Lindemann. Photo:

Adam Lindemann.?

Adam Lindemann (United States)
New York collector and entrepreneur Adam Lindemann, known for the sassy insider column he penned for the New York Observer, has said that his introduction to the art world came through a former girlfriend, Cornelia Guest, who was a close friend of Andy Warhol. He founded?uptown gallery?Venus over Manhattan (see?Adam Lindemann's Venus Over Manhattan To Open in Los Angeles) and his wife, Amalia Dayan, co-founder of Upper East Side gallery Luxembourg & Dayan, live in a house designed by?David Adjaye.

Eugenio Lopez. Photo: courtesy of LA confidential.

Eugenio Lopez.?
Photo: courtesy of LA confidential.

Eugenio López (Mexico)
Mexican fruit-juice heir López?a trustee and vice chair of MOCA in Los Angeles?founded the largest private museum in Latin America, theMuseo Jumex, in 2013, as a place to house selections from his personal collection (see?Museo Júmex Appoints Julieta González Chief Curator and Interim Director in Aftermath of Hermann Nitsch Fiasco). He began to collect 20 years ago, initially buying historical pieces of 1960s art, then concentrating on Mexican and international work of his own generation, the '90s. Designed by David Chipperfield, the museum houses some 2,000 works of López's 2,700-piece collection, including many by American and European masters ranging from?Cy Twombly andRobert Rauschenberg to Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst.

Jho Low

Jho Low.?
Photo: Courtesy of Malaysia Chronicle.

Jho Low (China)
Malaysian financier Jho Low?who bought a penthouse on the 76th floor of the Time Warner Center for $30.55 million?was recently revealed as the purchaser of?Jean-Michel Basquiat's $49 million?Dustheads (1982) (see?Malaysian Financier Jho Low Revealed as Purchaser of Jean-Michel Basquiat's $49 Million Dustheads). As reported to the?New York Times, Low is said by a source close to him to buy “pictures over $20 million, $30 million, $40 million."

*More Collector's To Watch:

Susan and Leonard Feinstein
Nicoletta Fiorucci
Friedrich Christian ("Mick") Flick
Josée and Marc Gensollen
Alan and Jenny Gibbs
Noam Gottesman
Florence and Daniel Guerlain
Paul Harris
Barbara and Axel Haubrok
Alan Howard

Pro? si ?í?ané vozí z Prahy ?ínské obrazy?

10. 04. 15 | by Vilém Stránský [mail] | Kategorie: osudy, z domova, ArtBohemia



Old?ich Hejtmánek | na serveru | aktuální zprávyOLD?ICH HEJTMÁNEK | FOTO:  PETR TOPI?MAFRA

PRAHA Vypreparovanou lebku papuánského domorodce i tušové malby ?ínského mistra má v nabídce galerista a majitel auk?ní sín? Arcimboldo Old?ich Hejtmánek. P?ed pár lety zjistil, že v ?esku jsou desítky obraz? ?ínského malí?e, kterého zbož?ují sb?ratelé v ?ín?, ale u nás ho tém?? nikdo nezná.

LN Vloni byl nejprodávan?jším autorem na ?eskýchaukcích ?ínský malí? ?chi Paj-š’. Prodali jste jehoobrazy za tém?? 63 milion?. Pro laiky je tento um?lec neznámý. Jak jste se k n?mu dostal?
Já se zajímám o orientální um?ní od šestnácti a konkrétn? dílem ?chi Paj-š’e se zabývám zhruba deset let. Dozv?d?l jsem se, že ve dvacátých letech byla v Praze výstava ?ínské moderní malby a hlavní hv?zdou byl práv? tento autor. Výstavu zorganizoval ?eský malí? Vojt?ch Chytil, který u?il na výtvarné akademii v Pekingu a byl osobním p?ítelem ?chi Paj-š’e. Další stopa m? zavedla do padesátých let.


Narodil se v roce 1964. Vystudoval obor restaurování um?leckých památek na SPŠ grafické a VŠCHT. Od roku 1979 se v?nuje sb?ratelství, studiu um?ní ?íny a Japonska a od roku 1990 obchodem s um?ním a starožitnostmi. Galerii a auk?ní d?m Arcimboldo založil a vede od roku 2009. V roce 2012 otev?el v Praze na Malé Stran? galerii Kunstkomora.

Old?ich Hejtmánek

Old?ich Hejtmánek

?chi Paj-š’

?chi Paj-š’

LN Co se vám poda?ilo zjistit?
Po vzniku ?ínské lidovérepubliky bylo ?eskoslovensko jednou z prvních zemí, které s ní navázalo diplomatické styky. Od roku 1949 do ?íny jezdily po?etné delegace. Byli tam nejen politici a diplomati, ale také malí?i, hudebníci, tane?níci a loutká?i. Do Pekingu cestovalinap?íklad Adolf Hoffmeister nebo Lubor Hájek, zakladatel sbírky orientálního um?ní v Národní galerii. Tém?? každý si cht?l z ?íny p?ivézt n?jaký suvenýr a dostali doporu?ení na n?kolik ?ínských malí??, mezi nimi byl práv? ?chi Paj-š’. N?kte?í se s ním dokonce setkali v ateliéru, ostatní nakoupili jeho díla v galerijní ?tvrti. Nikdo tenkrát netušil, jakou budou mít tyto obrazy jednou hodnotu. Prost? si je koupili, protože se jim líbily.

LN Jak byl tento malí? populární v ?ín??
Tenkrát mu bylo skoro devadesát a m?l za sebou závratnou kariéru. ?í?an?m se velmi líbilo, že pojal tradi?ní tušovou malbu moderním zp?sobem. ?chi Paj-š’ namaloval n?kolik tisíc obraz?, které se velmi dob?e prodávaly. M?l ?adu žák?, kte?í ho obdivovali a malovali v jeho stylu. Bylo ale i hodn? t?ch, kte?í ho kopírovali, aby se obohatili. ?íká se, že až devadesát procent jeho maleb, které jsou na trhu s um?ním, jsou falzifikáty. U nás mají ale kupci záruku, že je p?vod maleb ?chi Paj-š’e prokazatelný, protože v?tšinou z?staly v rodinách?eskoslovenských delegát?. N?kolik ?ínských expert? se po roce 1989 snažilo tyto malby vypátrat, ale neusp?li, protože neumí jazyk a nemají tady kontakty.

?chi Paj-š’

?chi Paj-š’

LN Kde jste dohledával jména jednotlivých delegát??
Lubor Hájek p?ivezl z ?íny n?kolik desítek t?chto maleb, které jsou d?ležitou sou?ástí sbírky orientálního um?ní Národní galerie. Tyto práce byly u nás n?kolikrát vystaveny, od padesátých let až po sou?asnost. Vyšly k nim katalogy a jsou zmín?né v n?kolika odborných textech. U jednotlivých obraz? je také informace o tom, kdo obrazy v?noval do sbírky Národní galerie. Podle t?chto údaj? jsem našel jednoho pam?tníka, který byl v padesátých letech v ?ín? a od n?j jsem získal kontakty na další delegáty. V roce 2010 jsem zorganizoval první aukci v Praze a tém?? okamžit? se mi ozvalo n?kolik lidí, kte?í si uv?domili, že mají vlastn? doma taky pár tušových maleb. Bu? to byli p?ímo ti pam?tníci nebo jejich p?íbuzní. 

LN V jakém stavu byly tyto obrazy?
To je naprosto r?zné. N?kdo si nechal malbu zarámovat a pov?sil si ji v obýváku. Po více než šedesáti letech je papír zažloutlý a barvy vybledlé. Tím je obraz znehodnocený do té míry, že už ho nelze prodat. Jiný si malbu uložil do šuplíku a vyndal ji jen p?i zvláštních p?íležitostech. Takové obrazy jsou v perfektním stavu a lze je vydražit za opravdu vysoké ?ástky. Mimochodem, takhle se prezentuje tušová malba v ?ín?. Tam nevisí obrazy na zdech, jsou uložené v šuplíku a majitel se s nimi pochlubí, jen když p?ijde návšt?va nebo se slaví n?jaké výro?í. 

LN Co vlastn? majitelé v?d?li o hodnot? obraz??
?asto pam?tníci ani jejich potomci netušili, jak jsou tyto malby cenné. Hned p?i první aukci mi jeden pán ?ekl: „Tohle mám po d?de?kovi, bude to tak za patnáct tisíc, ne?“ Když jsem mu odpov?d?l, že vyvolávací cena bude 350 tisíc, tak mi to skoro necht?l v??it. Nakonec byl úpln? v šoku, protože se dílo vydražilo za t?i miliony t?i sta tisíc. 

LN Kdo má dnes zájem o tvorbu ?chi Paj-š’e?
Kupují ho jen ?í?ané, u nás jeho obrazy totiž nikdo nesbírá. Na naše aukce do Prahy jezdí zástupci sb?ratel? nebo investi?ních fond?. V?tšinou p?ijede zhruba sto lidí, kte?í se zajímají o moderní ?ínskou malbu. Nejvíc oce?ují, že u nás jsou obrazy prokazateln? pravé. ?asto se ptají na p?vodního majitele, na rodiny delegát?. Pokud je to jen trochu možné, tak je propojíme a oni se pak s nimi setkají. Jsou nadšení, když mohou být s n?kým, kdo byl tenkrát v ?ín? a p?ivezl si pravého ?chi Paj-š’e. 

Foto popis| Na stop?. Old?ich Hejtmánek hledá um?lecká díla z Asie. 

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